Stephen B. Levine


  • Name: Stephen Barrett Levine
  • Occupation: psychiatrist; clinical professor of psychiatry; specialist in clinical sexology (Levine, 2009); expert witness on trans healthcare
  • Affiliations and collaborations:
    • Society for Evidence-Based Gender Medicine
    • Gender Exploratory Therapy Association
    • Archives of Sexual Behavior (editorial board)
    • Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy (consulting editor)
    • Cochrane Reviews
    • Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio
    • DELR LLC, Beachwood, Ohio
    • Center for Marital and Sexual Health/Levine, Risen & Associates, Beachwood, Ohio
  • CV as of 25 June 2020

Publications and documents


  • August: Lothstein & Levine (1981), “Expressive Psychotherapy With Gender Dysphoric Patients” in Archives of General Psychiatry


  • Levine & Shumaker (1983), “Increasingly Ruth: Toward Understanding Sex Reassignment” in Archives of Sexual Behavior


  • Levine (1984), “Letter to the editor: follow-up on Increasingly Ruth” in Archives of Sexual Behavior



  • August: Bradley et al. (1991), “Interim Report of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders” in Archives of Sexual Behavior


  • Levine (1993), “Gender-Disturbed Males” in Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy


  • Levine, Risen & Althouse (1994), “Professionals Who Sexuallv Offend: Evaluation Procedures and Preliminary Findings” in Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy


  • Lead author of the WPATH Standards of Care version 5 (Levine et al., 1998) in International Journal of Transgenderism


  • Levine (1999), “The Newly Revised Standards of Care for Gender Identity Disorders” in Journal of Sex Education and Therapy


  • Levine & Stagno (2001), “Informed Consent for Case Reports: The Ethical Dilemma of Right to Privacy Versus Pedagogical Freedom” in Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research


  • Levine & Davis (2002), “What I Did For Love: Temporary Returns to the Male Gender Role” in International Journal of Transgenderism


  • Levine & Risen (2004), “The Crisis in the Church: Dealing with the Many Faces of Cultural Hysteria” in International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies


  • Levine & Solomon (2009), “Meanings and Political Implications of ‘Psychopathology’ in a Gender Identity Clinic: A Report of 10 Cases” in Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
  • Dec 10: Levine (2009), “Real-Life Test Experience: Recommendations for Revisions to the Standards of Care of the World Professional Association for Transgender Health” in International Journal of Transgenderism




  • Levine (2018), “Informed Consent for Transgendered Patients” in Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy


  • Feb 10: Expert affidavit in Doe et al. v. Madison Metropolitan School District


  • Nov 16: Levine is interviewed by parent Derek Duval at Genspect


  • Feb 23: Expert declaration in B.P.J. v. West Virginia State Board of Education
  • May 24: Levine presents symposium at American Psychiatric Association with Ken Zucker, Lisa Marchiano, and Sasha M. Ayad
  • May 26: Levine is deposed in Brandt v. Rutledge (now Brandt v. Griffin):

Q That’s fine. You mentioned you supervise a New York psychologist, I think you said psychiatrist, a child psychiatrist?

A A child psychiatrist.

Q What’s their name?

A Pardon me?

Q What is that person’s name?

A Must I answer that?

MR. CANTRELL: We can designate information confidential.

MS. COOPER: We can temporarily designate it confidential and discuss that later.

A Her name is Dr. Miriam Goodman. I’m sorry. That’s not right. Grossman, Miriam Grossman.

Q And is that a common thing to do in your field, to supervise somebody from another practice somewhere?

A Oh, yes.

Q And I understand she pays you for that supervision?

A She does, yes.

Q And that’s a typical thing that’s done?

A Well, I don’t know how typical. You know, usually experienced people don’t want to pay for supervision, but she read some of my papers and she sought me out and we’ve been talking every two weeks for probably six months, maybe eight months.

Q And she treats patients with gender dysphoria?

A Now her specialty is adolescents with gender dysphoria.

Q And approximately how many patients who are adolescents with gender dysphoria does she see that you supervise that care?

A I think she’s probably talked to me about six people.

Q Does she have a view about the appropriateness of ever providing hormone therapy for adolescents?

A I think she’s primarily interested in the forming a psychotherapeutic relationship with these people and talking about their development and their motives and their options. She is not an affirmative care doctor. She is much more psychodynamic; “I want to investigate this with the patient” doctor.

Q Does she refer any of her patients for hormone therapy?

A Some of her patients are on hormone therapy. I don’t — I would guess she’s not the person to refer. She doesn’t discriminate against patients, she doesn’t try to stop them, she tries to recognize that it’s their option and they need to consider their motives for it and their fears about it and the consequences of it.

MR. CANTRELL: Leslie, we will designate the testimony about this child psychiatrist as confidential.

MS. COOPER: All right. We can review that later, but fine.


  • Feb 3: Expert report in B.F. et al. v. Kettle Moraine School District
  • Levine, Abbruzzese & Mason (2023), “What Are We Doing to These Children? Response to Drescher, Clayton, and Balon Commentaries on Levine et al., 2022” in Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

Additional information

Atomic Gender is a comprehensive analysis of the reality of gender identity, the world-changing power of the transgender community, and the impact of gender identity denialists worldwide.

Atomic Gender is an evolution of Gender Analysis. Zinnia Jones is a trans woman researcher and community advocate living in central Florida.

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